What is Indian Independence Day?
India celebrates its Independence Day religiously on August 15. The day celebrates freedom from British rule in 1947, which established India's free and independent nation. Many courageous leaders fought tactically with the British and were persistent in their protest for freedom.
Jawaharlal Nehru, the first prime minister of India, called the celebration of liberty India's "Tryst with Destiny," as the struggle was long and witnessed the sacrifices of many freedom fighters. Like Mahatma Gandhi and Mangal Pandey, many other brave fighters and strategists led the country to new horizons of celebrations.
Indian Independence Day All Quick Overview
- Time / Date: August 15, annually
- Category: Federal
- Where It’s Marked: India
- Why It’s Marked: It commemorates the struggle of the leaders, the freedom fighters, and the common people who sacrificed their lives for the freedom of India.
History Of Indian Independence Day
Independence Day is an annual gazetted holiday in India. Government offices, post offices, and banks are usually closed on this day. Some businesses and stores may have reduced opening hours, but public transport remains open.
Although, there might be some restrictions like heavy traffic and security in the celebration areas, particularly in Delhi and the capital cities of the different states.
Following the victory of the British at the Battle of Plassey, the rule of the British began in 1757. At that time, the East India Company gained control over the country. Then, the East India Company ruled the country for 100 years until British rule came into action.
Sepoy Mutiny in 1857 was the beginning of the struggle for India’s independence. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi led the Indian independence movement during World War I and promoted nonviolent and peaceful protests to end British rule, after which the civil disobedience movement took place.
India's independence movement paid off when Britain got weak after the two world wars and decided to transfer its power to India ending British rule in 1947. But the British decided to partition the nation due to the violence between the Muslims and the Hindus.
Thus, the Constituent Assembly having the power to transfer authority, signed the nation's independence, liberating India and Pakistan at midnight between August 14 and August 15, 1947.
That is why the day also marks the anniversary of the partition of the subcontinent, creating two independent countries, India and Pakistan.
After 100 years of vigorous ruling, India got its first taste of freedom on August 15, 1947. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru became the first prime minister of free India. He gave his famous speech, "Tryst with Destiny," which is still remembered and paid homage to by the whole country.
How to Celebrate Indian Independence Day
India celebrates the day with various colors. The government buildings are decorated with tricolor string lights. Many people hang tricolor flutters to their buildings. Even the sidewalks of the roads are decorated with tricolor lights.
TV shows, print, and online media hold competitions, contests, and programs to celebrate the day. Even many educational institutions have drawing competitions or poem recitation programs for students to learn and appreciate independence day.
Moreover, TV channels also show movies representing freedom fighters.
On the eve of Indian independence day, the president delivers the "Address to the Nation" and unfurls India's flag on independence day at the Red Fort in Old Delhi.
Organizations arrange flag-hoisting ceremonies and cultural programs throughout the country's capitals filled with singing and dancing.
The general public enjoys the day with their family and friends. Many fly kites, watch movies, go out to eat, or enjoy a big dinner with their family.
Countries that Observe Indian Independence Day
India observes Indian independence day every year. Like India, many other countries celebrate their independence day on their designated date.
Interesting facts about Indian Independence Day
To show respect and pay homage, it is better to learn some interesting facts about Indian independence day.
- At the beginning of the day, soldiers fire off a 21-Gun salute while the national anthem is sung.
- The first prime minister Jawarharlal Nehru unveiled India’s flag for the first time in the Red Fort, and since then, it has become a tradition.
- Initially, India's flag only had dark green and saffron colors. However, later, Mahatma Gandhi suggested adding a white stripe with a navy-blue spinning wheel that would represent national progress.
- Delhi’s historic Red Fort sky area is a strict no-fly zone.
- The first governor-general of the Dominion of India was Lord Mountbatten.
Unique Indian Independence Day Celebration Ideas
People can celebrate Indian independence day in many ways with their family and friends. Here are four ideas to use the holiday to enjoy.
1. Enjoy the morning making “Rangolis”
“Rangoli” is a type of floor design made with various dry-colored powders and intricate designs. It can make any house look beautiful. Try using India’s tricolor flag as an inspiration for your color palette and make some gorgeous designs with the help of your friends and family.
2. Spend the day with your family
Spend the day with people close to you. Take them to the cultural programs near you or the park. You can also make a heavy dinner for all to enjoy together.
3. Color the sky with colorful kites
Kite flying is a festival, but when combined with independence day, it becomes a fun day for everyone of any age. Take your kite out to the park or roof on independence day and let it fly free.
Indian Independence Day Quotes
Finding suitable quotes to wish family and friends can get tricky. We have some quotes you can use to wish every a happy independence day. Moreover, use the quotes to wish the soldiers serving the nation now.
"Freedom is never dear at any price. It is the breath of life. What would a man not pay for living?" — Mahatma Gandhi
"Citizenship consists in the service of the country" — Jawaharlal Nehru
"The sword of revolution is sharpened on the whetting stone of ideas" — Bhagat Singh
1. How many years of independence is India celebrating in 2022?
India is celebrating its 75th independence day on August 15, 2022.
2. Who designed India’s national flag?
A disciple of Swami Vivekananda, Sister Nivedita is said to have been the designer of India’s national flag.
3. Who wrote India’s national anthem?
Respected Writer and poet Rabindranath Tagore wrote the national anthem of India. The national anthem was at first a song composition by Rabindranath written in 1911 named "Bharoto Bhagyo Bidhata.” Later the Constituent Assembly of India adopted and replaced the name with “Jan Gan Man.”
Indian Independence Day Observances
|2021||Sunday||15 August||Indian Independence Day|
|2022||Monday||15 August||Indian Independence Day|
|2023||Tuesday||15 August||Indian Independence Day|
|2024||Thursday||15 August||Indian Independence Day|
|2025||Friday||15 August||Indian Independence Day|
|2026||Saturday||15 August||Indian Independence Day|
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