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Interview Questions for Web Developers with Answers

Last Updated on:

23 November 2022
Interview Questions for Web Developers

During the interview session, a web development company’s hiring manager will try to find many qualities through the web developer interview questions. The most common questions will assess whether the candidate is enthusiastic and has the essential qualifications and a good personality to grow in this sector or not.

The responsibility of a web developer circles around programming the code that provides the website with the functions to work. They create websites that are "easy to navigate" or simple for visitors to browse.

Additionally, they create website features like forms to collect emails or to send newsletters, paywalls to collect payment information, and thank-you messages for patrons.

What Does a Web Developer Do?

The field of web development requires computer geniuses who are competent enough to operate web servers. To work efficiently, they need to have a skill set in web applications and software programs, including JavaScript (JS), C++, HTML or Hypertext Markup Language, and Ruby on Rails.

Many web developers work on projects for companies, clients, or short businesses as freelancers. Nevertheless, most multinational companies prefer to have their own web development team to monitor the company’s business. The interview questions will change patterns depending on where you are looking to work.

The assigned work of a web developer determines the job's responsibility. In the current job market, three web developers are in the highest demand.

  1. Client-side scripting: coding for the web browser (typically designing a website).
  2. Server-side scripting: coding for the website to operate smoothly and efficiently (working on web power and server).
  3. Database technology: inserting tools to run the website effectively and smoothly without any glitches.

Depending on the work pattern of the web design, the web developer may need to focus on the following function:

1. Back-End Development

Creating and maintaining technological components that empower the website’s user-facing side is the requirement for these web developers. The work of a back-end developer begins after front-end development is done.

2. Front-End Development

Everything a visitor sees, clicks, and scrolls on a website is the result of front-end development. Designing the frameworks and scripts, markup languages integration, and developing the overall environment to make a website user-friendly is the job responsibility of a front-end web developer.

3. JavaScript development

The work of a web developer doesn’t end right after a website goes public. From the moment it goes public, the JavaScript developers work with the JS to enhance and modify the loopholes.

4. Full Stack Development

Undertakes best practices and strategies to guide and control the overall web development process. Their work is to oversee the big picture and take care of both sides of a website-the client side and the user side.

5. Additional work includes

  • Web application testing
  • Updating the functioning of the website
  • Meeting clients to discuss the design of the website
  • Incorporating multimedia into a website
  • Creating more appealing and exciting sights for the viewers
  • Creating navigation menus and user interfaces
  • Solving issues with user experience or performance
  • Cooperating with stakeholders, designers, and developers
  • Composing and reviewing website code, usually in HTML, XML, or JavaScript

Basic Skills Needed for a Web Developer Job

The hiring manager may ask you about your educational requirements. 

If you are an aspiring web developer, you need to have the academic requirements and certificates to prove that you have the potential and have finished your Bachelor’s Degree in either web development or computer science. After that, you can apply for entry-level jobs at companies seeking a web developer.

Depending on the type of work web developers want, they try to complete the certification courses with customized and significant courses about that skill. For example, HTML is a coding language that front-end code developers must learn. 

You will find some similar coding languages that web developers learn to level up their creative game. 

1. JavaScript

Creating websites that will run smoothly and efficiently on all kinds of devices is not an easy task. In order to design and control mobile app content and dynamic web pages, JavaScript is the scripting language that helps web developers. 

JavaScript libraries also include jQuery and React JS. They are known as pre-written codes. Learning about these languages can help in the coding process. 

2. HTML

The markup language named HTML helps web designers with formatting and rearranging web pages. 

3. CSS

After designing the webpage, CSS is used by the developers to add more colors, fonts, and styles.

Soft Skills Requirements:

Your technical knowledge will help you to develop a website, but the soft skills in your character will assist you in working with your team. Continue reading to know the skills.

4. Being able to work in a Team

In some specific cases or more significant projects, a team of multiple developers works together to build a website. You can have different points of view to share with your teammates when you have a difference of opinion. But working in a team is the only way to complete beautiful projects.

5. Keeping your mind open for new ideas

If you cannot keep your mind open and free, you will never be able to grab what your clients want from you. Take ideas from around you and your team, listen to your clients, and learn what developments they want or problems they face to improve your work.

6. Having Patience

While working with a client who wants your service but has less knowledge about the website languages, you may need to make them understand. To make people understand the technical features, you must have patience.

7. Other skills in short

  • Communicate effectively with your teammates
  • Show empathy to your team members
  • Admit your mistakes and learn from them
  • Be attentive to your time management
  • Be approachable and helpful with setting meeting times
  • Explore more about your creativity- study fiction, arts and crafts
  • Solving new problems every day is just a part of your job

Common Questions Asked in the Interview for Web Developers 

web developer interview questions

The web developer interview questions given below will help you practice the answer to face your clients or a business company. We have tried to gather the interview questions that will help you prepare for entry-level, front-end, senior, back-end, and full-stack developer interview questions.

Questions for Entry-level Web Developers: 

Entry-level web developer interview questions will assist you in preparing for your first job interview as a web developer. 

Question#1: Do you have any personal debugging process? If yes, then describe it in short.

Answer: I prefer to look for the clue of what caused the bug to exist in the program. To complete the debugging process, I will look for the bug, separate the source code of it, and fix the code to debug the process. 

Question#2: What would you do if you ever faced a coding problem? Will you try to solve the issue alone or ask your supervisor for help?

Answer: I will try to solve the issue on my own if I encounter a coding problem since solving it on my own will help me learn in the process. If I fail to solve the issue, I will ask my supervisor to help me figure out the problems.  

Question#3: What is the use of Meta tags in HTML? How do they change the appearance of a website?

Answer: The Meta tags are the data inserted inside the website's head element. They are particular and vital as they include the character set, keywords, page description, and everything visitors see when they click on the website. 

Question#4: Why do web developers use CSS for a website?

Answer: Web developers use CSS to modify the visual appearance of a page. Most of the time, it also determines how the webpage will respond to a specific design, video, or graphics. 

Question#5: Can you mention three prominent git commands? Do you know how to use them?

Answer: Three prominent git commands are git clone, git checkout, and git branch. I use git clone to make identical copies of the existing code of a project, git checkout for switching the components and checking commits and files and git branch to work on multiple projects together.

Similar Questions

  • Do you have any knowledge about HTTP requests?
  • Define XSS. State three uses of npm.
  • What are UX and UI? Can you tell the difference?
  • Suppose you are given a task to push code to the git repository. How would you do that?
  • Have you learned the JavaScript language? How was your experience of coding with it?
  • Is it necessary to use cyber security protection when you are coding? Why and which one?
  • How many coding methods do you know? Can you tell us the benefit of using pair programming?

Questions for Front-End Web Developers:

You will find the Front-end developer interview questions helpful for you before the interview. 

Question#6: Describe your structure method of JavaScript and CSS? How does it make the front-end developers' work more accessible?

Answer: I divide up my stylesheets into parts for every part of the site. The code is commented on throughout each piece so that other programmers can make changes.

Question#7: What procedure do you follow when a rendering issue only affects a particular browser? In your opinion, which browser do you believe to be more challenging to use than others?

Answer: I frequently have to adjust the DIV placements on web pages for Microsoft Edge. Since I don't experience problems with Chrome or Firefox, I am still learning to work in this browser.

Question#8: What do you consider to be a website's most crucial aesthetic features, and why?

Answer: I enjoy using minimalist design while working. I put extra effort into the front header and landing page’s design. I try to ensure that the users are not distracted by the colors and graphics.

More Sample Questions

  • What do you do to update your SEO techniques to confirm the best practice?
  • Why do you find coding interesting?
  • From Normalizing and Resetting, what would you choose? Why?
  • Tell us how Block Formatting Context (BFC) works.
  • Tell us about your CSS framework.
  • Can you name the empty elements of HTML?
  •  Few coding questions to practice 

Questions for Senior Web Developers

Employers looking for candidates to oversee the projects ask senior web developer interview questions. The questions can be:

  • Which website or application irritates you? If you think you can improve it, how would you do that?
  • Do you have any experience training people in your previous job? What strategies do you follow to train your junior web developer?
  •  Suppose your teammates disagree about a matter. How would you settle the dispute?
  • Tell us about the project that you worked on and was successful.
  • If you had to create a webpage for our company, what steps would you follow?
  •  Suppose your program is not running after you have published it. How would you troubleshoot the code?

You can also practice additional questions before the interview.

Questions for Full-Stack Developers

We have categorized full-stack developer interview questions by the job positions.

Full-stack developers usually have advanced stages of work. Depending on the type of work, the job position varies by Junior, Senior, and Technical. Interview questions and sample answers are given below:

General Questions:

Question#9: How many ideas do you have on Full-stack Programming?

Answer: Full-sack Programming is a coding program where the web developer must work on both the server and the client sides. Suppose I have to work in this sector. In that case, I will have to work with creating software specifications, applications, products, and wireframes, building databases, version control, and design strategies for better performance and user experience.

Question#10: In which programming languages are you comfortable working?

Answer: I am comfortable working with both front-end and back-end programming languages. For example, HTML, C, JavaScript, Python, and even the hard ones, Haskell, Malbolge, C++, LISP, Prolog, etc.

Junior-level:

Question#11: Can you tell us the difference between a Full-stack Developer and an Engineer?

Answer: The work of a Full-stack developer is to work on web applications on both the backend and frontend side of the server. However, a Full-stack engineer works on establishing the software in all devices.

Question#12: How would you choose your tools to work for a specific project?

Answer: Selecting the right tools is the very first stage of working as a developer. Therefore, I will ensure that I know the project requirements to understand what the clients want. After that, I will research similar projects, look for the paid tools as I have to keep the budget in mind, and finally find the tools I will need to complete the most challenging parts of the project and overall website.

Question#13: Name some of the Languages and technologies you need to build a project from the start.

Answer: To work in backend development, I need Python, Java, Ruby, and PHP. CSS, HTML, and Java for front-end servers. MySQL, Oracle, SQLite, and Microsoft Access can be used in Database Management. Django, MERN, MEAN, and LAMP will work in Technology Stacks.

Senior-level:

Question#14: Suppose the code your coworkers have been building for a project is inefficient. How would you handle the situation?

Answer: On my last project in my previous company, one of my colleagues wrote front-end code for a website that would be better looking if the code could be optimized. So, I called a meeting to talk to him and discuss the matter. I offered him help if he needed any and told him to work on the code.

Question#15: You must stop a Bot that is Scraping the API, which is publicly accessible.

Answer: I will have to follow a few steps to prevent data scraping. They are: limiting the requests of individual IP addresses and telling the user to log in to access the content. Then embed media content and access my content with CAPTCHA.

Technical:

Question#16: Can you test the functionality of the code you have written?

Answer: I will use WebDeiver10, Karma, Selenium, Jasmine, Nightwatch, Mocha, and Chai to test the code.

Question#17: Is there any benefit of using Unit tests?

Answer: Yes, there are a few benefits of using Unit tests that I know. They are: refactoring code, debugging code, enhancing code quality, reducing cost, and making documentation working on the projects.

Question#18: Tell us the process of locating the memory leak.

Answer: Locating the memory leak can be more effortless with memory profilers, verbose garbage collection, and heap dumps.

Find a detailed questionnaire here to take an extensive preparation on Full-stack developer.

Questions for Back-End Developers

The back-end developer interview question includes the technical terms you use to work on the Back-end of the server. If you are currently working with the tools, the questions may seem more straightforward for you to answer:

  •  What do you know about control inversion and code design improvement?
  •  Why is null said to be a billion-dollar mistake?
  •  Tell us what you think about using GOTO.
  •  Do you know the influence of TDD and tests in code design?
  •  How coupling differs from cohesion?
  •  Tell us the benefits and demerits of holding domain logic. 

Career Path of Web Developers 

web developer interview questions

One can choose any of the two career paths in web development. Depending on your years of experience and level of work, you can either work as an independent freelancer or for a company with a fixed salary and projects.

You can also be a consultant if you have worked enough for several years.

Regardless of your route as a web developer, once you start your journey as a freelancer, you can secure long-term high-salary job satisfaction.

On your way to climbing the ladder, you can step into the following positions that will let you grow your potential.

1. Senior Web Developer

You will need to work on programming, complex coding, and holding team meetings.

2. Technical Director

Your responsibilities will grow while working as a technical director. You will need to work as a guide for your whole team, staff, budget, and tools. Basically, managing projects will be your utmost priority.

3. Chief Technology Officer

You will not work directly on a project but oversee the whole thing. You will work on procedures, policies, goals, and clients so that you can work on new projects and products. 

Current and Future Market Demand for Web Developers

The use of smartphones and advanced gadgets has enabled everyone to access tech. And to take the world inside the internet web, developers are working day and night.

It is the most attractive field as one can work flexibly, with plenty of opportunity for growth and high earning potential.

And every time you prepare for the web developer interview questions, you will find the questions in this article helpful. 

In the promising field of web development, there were 197,100 jobs in 2021.

Growth in this sector is much faster than in any other job. Between 2021- 2031, the overall increase will be 23% in the web development industry. Therefore, to become a successful web developer, you should kick-start your study and career planning right now. 

The cause of 21,800 job openings expected in the following years is because of replacements who transfer to different places or occupations and leave the job to switch to a different one or simply retire.

Salary Range of Web Developers

The common question everyone makes before preparing for the web application interview questions is– how much do web developers make? 

The answer is pretty satisfactory, as a web developer's median pay was $77,200 in 2020. 

Furthermore, the best-paid 25% job in the USA offered $107,620, and the lowest-paid ones provided $55,390. 

 


Josh Evan

Written by:

Josh Evan

Josh Evan is the professional career counselor and career development writer at When Work Works. He loves to see people from this field succeed through initiating the right thing in the right way. He never tells; he shows the way. We appointed John not because of his impressive CV. It was his counseling charisma which stood out of everything. He can implant idea, confidence and productive thoughts into mind almost effortlessly. His pen and mouth both speak for the greater good.


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